Works Discography

Einojuhani Rautavaara (1928-)

Einojuhani Rautavaara (born 9 October 1928) is internationally one of the best known and most frequently performed Finnish composers. He is by nature a romantic, even a mystic, as is often apparent from the titles of his works: for example Angels and Visitations for orchestra or his double-bass concerto Angel of Dusk. Despite Rautavaara's label of "mysticism" he is a complex and contradictory figure whose works cannot be categorized in stylistic terms.

At the age of seventeen Rautavaara began studying the piano and later went on to study musicology at Helsinki University and composition at the Sibelius Academy. From 1951-53 he was a pupil of Aarre Merikanto receiving his diploma in composition in 1957. In 1955 the Koussewitzky Foundation awarded Jean Sibelius a scholarship in honour of his 90th birthday to enable a young Finnish composer of his choice to study in the United States. Sibelius selected Rautavaara who spent two years studying with Vincent Persichetti at the Juilliard School of Music in New York and also took part in the summer courses at Tanglewood given by Roger Sessions and Aaron Copland. In 1957 Rautavaara continued his studies with Wladimir Vogel in Ascona, Switzerland and a year later with Rudolf Petzold in Cologne. Rautavaara has taught and lectured at the Sibelius Academy as the professor of composition. Since 1988 he has made his living as a composer in Helsinki.

Rautavaara's earliest works revealed close ties to tradition but also his desire to renew it. They were followed by an extreme constructivist and avant-garde phase (as in the serially organized fourth symphony "Arabescata", 1962) after which Rautavaara turned to hyper-romanticism and finally mysticism. Since the early 1980s, Rautavaara has adopted a sort of post-modern musical language in which modern and traditional elements of varying degrees of constructivism or freedom are combined with one another.

Rautavaara has composed eight symphonies, the most frequently performed of them being the Angel of Light, his seventh symphony. Symphony No. 8, The Journey was premiered in April 2000 by The Philadelphia Orchestra under Wolfgang Sawallisch. Other important groups of works include concertos for different solo instruments, among them the three piano concertos, the popular Violin Concerto (1977), the Harp Concerto (2000) and the Clarinet Concerto (2001-02). Rautavaara has also written a large body of chamber music as well as choral and vocal works including All-Night Vigil for a cappella chorus. One of Rautavaara's most popular works is Cantus arcticus, concerto for birds and orchestra, in which the straightforward orchestral part is juxtaposed with the sounds of birds recorded by the composer himself. Rautavaara's latest orchestral works, published by Boosey & Hawkes, include  and Manhattan Trilogy (2004), Book of Visions (2005), Before the Icons (2005) and A Tapestry of Life (2007).

Apart form his symphonies (ODE 1145-2Q) and concertos (ODE 1156-2Q), the central pillars of Rautavaara's extensive oeuvre are his operas. With Vincent (1985-87) and The House of the Sun (1990) Rautavaara has scored a notable international success. Aleksis Kivi (1995-96) was premiered at the Savonlinna Opera Festival in 1997 and it has been performed in Cosenza, Italy and Minneapolis, U.S.A since then. The latest stage work is Rasputin (2001-2003), an opera about the life of mystic and healer Grigory Rasputin.


More information:
Fennica Gehrman
Boosey & Hawkes
Finnish Music Information Centre
Interview with Einojuhani Rautavaara on the occasion of his 80th birthday (video)

facebook twitter email print


Works



A Children's Mass (1973)
Adagio Celeste for String Orchestra (2000)
A Finnish Myth (1977)
Aleksis Kivi - Opera in Three Acts (1996)
Anadyomene (Adoration of Aphrodite) (1968)
An Epitaph for Béla Bartók (1986)
Angels and Visitations (1978)
Apotheosis (1996)
April Lines, for violin and piano (1970/2006)
A Requiem in Our Time (1953)
A Soldier's Mass (1968)
A Tapestry of Life (2007)
Autumn Gardens (1999)
Ave Maria (1957)
Ave Maria, gratia plena
Avuksihuutopsalmi (Psalm of Invocation) (1972)
Ballad for Harp and Strings (1973/1981)
Before the Icons (1955/2005)
Book of Visions (2005)
Canción de nuestro tiempo (Song of Our Time)
Canticum Mariae Virginis (1978)
Canto I (1960)
Canto II (1961)
Canto III (1972)
Canto IV (1992)
Children's Mass (Lapsimessu) for children's choir and string orchestra (1973)
Concerto for Birds and Orchestra "Cantus Arcticus" (1972)
Concerto for Cello and Orchestra No. 1 (1968)
Concerto for Cello and Orchestra No. 2 "Towards the Horizon" (2008-09)
Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra (2001)
Concerto for Double Bass and Orchestra "Angel of Dusk" (1980)
Concerto for Flute and Orchestra "Dances with the Winds" (1975)
Concerto for Harp and Orchestra (2000)
Concerto for Organ, Brass Quintet and Symphonic Wind Orchestra "Annunciations" (1977)
Concerto for Percussion and Orchestra "Incantations" (2008)
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 1 (1969)
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 2 (1989)
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 3 "Gift of Dreams" (1998)
Concerto for Violin and Orchestra (1977)
Credo (1972)
Die erste Elegie (The First Elegy)
Die Liebenden (The Lovers) (1958-59/1964)
Die Liebenden - Song cycle for voice and string quintet (1959/arr. 2000)
Dithyrambos, for violin and piano (1970)
Divertimento (1953)
Ehtoohymni (Evening Hymn) (1972)
Einojuhani Rautavaara in conversation with Vladimir Ashkenazy
Elämän kirja (A Book of Life) (1972)
Etudes, Op. 42
Evening Hymn
Fünf Sonette an Orpheus (Five Sonnets to Orpheus) (1955-56/1960)
Garden of Spaces
Guds väg (God's Way) (1964/2003)
Halavan himmeän alla (In the Shade of the Willow) (1998)
Hallin Janne (Janne of Halli) (1973)
Hammarskjöld-fragment (Hammarskjöld Fragment) (1975)
Herran Rukous (The Lord's Prayer) (1973)
Hommage à Kodály Zoltán (1982)
Hommage à Liszt Férenc (1989)
Hymnus (1998) for trumpet and organ
Icons, Op. 6
Iltarukous (Evening Prayer) (1953)
Independence Fanfare (1992)
Isontalon Antti ja Rannanjärvi (Antti Isotalo and Rannanjärvi) (1973)
Joulun virsi (Christmas Hymn) for male choir (1953)
Joulun virsi (Christmas Hymn) for mixed choir (1953/1978/1995)
Kaivos (The Mine) - Opera in Three Acts (1962)
Kaksi psalmia (Two Psalms) for male choir (1968/1971)
Kaksi psalmia (Two Psalms) for mixed choir (1968)
Katedralen (The Cathedral)
Kettu ja sairas kukko (The Fox and the Sick Cockerel) (1975)
Lauluja (The Singer) (1956)
Legenda (Legend) (1985)
Lehdet lehtiä (Leaves are Leaves) (1985)
Lintukoto (Isle of Bliss) (1995)
Lorca Suite (1973)
Lorulei (1973)
Lost Landscapes, for violin and piano (2005)
Ludus verbalis
Lähtö (Departure)
Magnificat (1979)
Manhattan Trilogy (2004)
Marjatan jouluvirsi (Marjatta's Christmas Hymn) (1995)
Marjatta matala neiti (Marjatta the Lowly Maiden) - A Finnish Mystery Play in One Act (1977)
Missa a cappella
Missa duodecanonica
Missa Duodecanonica (1963)
Modificata (1957/2003)
Morsian (The Bride)
Nattvarden (Communion) (1963)
Neljä laulua Aleksis Kiven runoihin (Four Songs to Poems by Aleksis Kivi) (1998/2005)
Neljä romanssia oopperasta Rasputin (Four Romances from the Opera Rasputin) (2003/2006)
Neljä serenadia (Four Serenades) (1978)
Nirvana Dharma
Notturno e danza, for violin and piano (1993)
Och glädjen den dansar (With the Joy We Go Dancing)
Octet for Winds (1962)
On the Last Frontier
Ostrobothnian Polska (1993)
Our Joyful'st Feast
Pelimannit (The Fiddlers), Op. 1 (1952)
Pelimannit (The Fiddlers), Suite for piano based on traditional Finnish polska tunes for the fiddle (1952)
Playgrounds for Angels (1981)
Praktisch Deutsch
Psalm of Invocation
Psalm of Invocation (1972)
Puusepän poika (The Carpenter's Son) (1975)
Rakkaus ei koskaan häviä (Charity Never Faileth) (1983)
Rasputin - Opera in Three Acts (2003)
Sommarnatten (Summer Night)
Sonata No. 1, Op. 50 "Christus und die Fischer"
Sonata No. 2, Op. 64 "The Fire Sermon"
String Quartet No. 1 (1952)
String Quartet No. 2 (1958)
String Quintet (1997) "Unknown Heavens"
Suite de Lorca (1973)
Suite for Strings (1952)
Summer Thoughts, for violin and piano (1972/2008)
Syksy virran suussa (Autumn at the Rivermouth) (1965/1995)
Symphony No. 1 (1955-56/1988)
Symphony No. 1 (1956/1988/2003)
Symphony No. 2 (1957/1984)
Symphony No. 3 (1961)
Symphony No. 4 "Arabescata" (1962)
Symphony No. 5 (1986)
Symphony No. 6 "Vincentiana" (1992)
Symphony No. 7 "Angel of Light" (1994)
Symphony No. 8 "The Journey" (1999)
Tarantará (1976) for Solotrumpet
The House of the Sun - Opera in Two Acts
The Myth of Sampo - Choral Opera in One Act
Thomas - Opera in Three Acts
Three Songs from the Opera Aleksis Kivi (1997)
Three Sonnets of Shakespeare (1951/2005)
True & False Unicorn
Two Preludes of T.S. Eliot (1956/1967)
Two Psalms (1968)
Variétude, for solo violin (1974)
Viatonten valssi (Waltz of the Innocents) (1973/1982)
Vigilia (All-night vigil for the feast of St John the Forerunner), for mixed choir and soloists (1996)
Vincent - Opera in Three Acts
Wenn sich die Welt auftut (1996)
full discography

Discography (extract)



Einojuhani Rautavaara
Missa a cappella
Sacred Choral Works
Latvian Radio Choir
Sigvards Klava

Released 06/2013

more info & buy



Virsiä
Hengellisiä lauluja

Sacred Songs & Hymns
Product available in Finland only
3CD set

Soile Isokoski
Marita Viitasalo
Helsingin kaupunginorkesteri
John Storgårds

Released 10/2012

more info & buy



Einojuhani Rautavaara
Choral Works
Finnish Radio Chamber Choir · TIMO NUORANNE / ERIC-OLOF SÖDERSTRÖM

Finnish Radio Chamber Choir · Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra · TIMO NUORANNE

Finnish Philharmonic Chorus · Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra · LEIF SEGERSTAM



Released 10/2012

more info & buy



Einojuhani Rautavaara
Cello Concerto No. 2 "Towards the Horizon"
Modificata
Percussion Concerto "Incantations"
Truls Mørk, cello
Colin Currie, percussion
Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra
John Storgårds, conductor
ODE 1178-2

Released 02/2012

more info & buy




back to top